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English Kings and Queens from 802 AD to the present

 

          

 

Books & DVDs about England in the Middle Ages

For burial places more generally see: www.findagrave.com

 

 

                      

 

 

Born - Reigned - Died

 

Burial place

(C = Cathedral)

LINK TO SAXON AND DANISH KINGS OF WESSEX AND ENGLAND

Anglo Saxon Kings

775-802-839 (64)

Egbert (King of Wessex)

Winchester C

?-839-856

Ethelwulf

Winchester C

?-856-860

Ethelbald

 

?-860-866

Ethelbert

 

?-866-871

Ethelred I

Wimborne Minster (Dorset)

(but tomb location unknown)

849-871-899 (50)

Alfred the Great

The only English King to be remembered as "The Great"

 

870-899-925 (55)

Edward the Elder (first King of "all" England ex Northumbria)

 

895-925-939 (44)

Athelstan (became King of Britain by taking over Northumbria)

Malmesbury Abbey

922-939-946 (24)

Edmund I the Elder

 

?-946-955

Eadred

 

?-955-959

Eadwig

 

944-959-975 (31)

Edgar

 

963-975-978 (15)

Edward the Martyr

 

968-978-1016 (48)

Ethelred II ("The Unready")

whose Archbishop of Canterbury - Sigeric "The Serious" left a record of his journey home along the via Francigena from Rome where he had gone to visit the Pope.

 

980-1016-1016 (36)

Edmund II Ironside

 

Danish Kings

c990-1016-1035 (45)

Cnut (Canute)

Winchester C

?-1035-1040

Harold I (Harefoot)

 

1019-1040-1042 (23)

Hardecanute

 

Saxon Restoration

c1004-1042-1066 (62)

Edward the Confessor

England's only Sainted king and her first Patron Saint (before the foreigner Saint George took over in 1350).

Westminster Abbey

(Shrine)

 

1022-1066-1066 (44)

Harold II (Godwinson)

Waltham Abbey (sort of)

LINK TO NORMAN ANGEVIN AND PLANTAGENET FAMILY TREES (AND THE CRUSADES)

 

Norman Kings

c1027-1066-1087 (50)

William I the Conqueror

St-Etienne (l'Abbaye aux Hommes), Caen

c1051 - 1134 (83)

Robert "Curthose", Duke of Normandy, William's eldest son but never King of England

Gloucester C

1059-1087-1100 (41)

William II Rufus

Winchester C

1068-1100-1135 (67)

Henry I (Beauclerc)

Reading Abbey

c1102 - 1167 (65)

Matilda, ambitious daughter of Henry I and mother of Henry II

 

1097-1135-1154 (57)

Stephen

Faversham Abbey

 

(Angevin) / Plantagenet Kings

 

Map of Plantagenet Europe 1160s

 

The Crusades

 

100 Years' War

1133-1154-1189 (56)

Henry II (m Eleanor of Aquitaine)

The first Plantagenet King.  Thomas Becket murdered in Canterbury Cathedral 29 December 1170.

 

Fontevraud Abbey

1157-1189-1199 (42)

Richard I ("Coeur de Lion")

Fontevraud Abbey

1167-1199-1216 (49)

John (Lackland)

Magna Carta 1215

Worcester C

1207-1216-1272 (65)

Henry III (m Eleanor of Provence)

Westminster Abbey

1209 - 1272 (63)

Richard, Earl of Cornwall, Henry III's brother, was inter alia the only Englishman to make it to the double eagle position of King of the Romans.  M1 Isabel Marshall, M2 Sanchia (the Queen's sister and the only one of the legendary four "Provence sisters" not to become a Queen), M3 Beatrice of Falkenburg, plus Joan de Valletort, long term mistress & mother of 5 children.

 

 

Hailes (Cistercian) Abbey

1239-1272-1307 (68)

Edward I ("Longshanks") (m Eleanor of Castile)

Eleanor Crosses

Westminster Abbey

1284-1307-1327 (43)

Edward II

Gloucester C

1312-1327-1377 (65)

Edward III - kicks off the 100 Years' War

Makes the utility saint George the Patron Saint of England

 

Westminster Abbey

1348 - The Black Death sweeps up Europe, killing over half of its population

1362 - English replaces French as the official language of the law courts of England

 

EDWARD'S BOYS

 

1330 - 1376 (46)

Edward the Black Prince - oldest son of Edward III.  World class pan European Pillager who lived through the 1348 Black Death, laid to waste half of Western Europe but ended up dying a year before his dad Edward III, so he never became King.  But he does have a superior tomb in Canterbury Cathedral.

 

 

Canterbury C

1340 - 1399 (59)

 

John of Gaunt, Duke of Lancaster (hence the House of Lancaster), second son of Edward III.  Contrasted with his war monger brother by staying more "at home" (Somerset House et al), and building up huge mountains of moolah.  Marriage 1 to Blanche (mother of Henry IV) - their tomb in the old St Pauls Cathedral was destroyed in the 1666 Fire of London.  M2 Constance of Castile, and Mistressed then Married 3 to Katherine Swynford (bu Lincoln Cathedral). 

 

 

St Pauls (destroyed by fire)

1341 - 1402 (61)

 

Edmund, Duke of York, youngest son of Edward III - the House of York followed.  Their throne claims were bolstered when further along they remarried into the line of Edward III's second son!

 

All Saints, Kings Langley

 

1367-1377-1399 (33)

Richard II (son of the Black Prince)

First English Monarch to commission a lifelike portrait of himself.

Westminster Abbey

the first royal portrait

 

LINK TO HOUSES OF LANCASTER AND YORK FAMILY TREES (AND THE HUNDRED YEARS' WAR)

 

House of Lancaster (from John of Gaunt)

1367-1399-1413 (46)

Henry IV, son of John of Gaunt, nephew of the Black Prince

Canterbury C

1387-1413-1422 (35)

Henry V

Westminster Abbey

1421 -1422-1461 & 1470-1471 (50)

Henry VI

St George's Windsor

 

House of York (from Edmund, Duke of York)

1442 -1461-1470 & 1471-1483 (41)

Edward IV, great grandson of Edmund, Duke of York

His Queen was Elizabeth Woodville

 

St George's Windsor

1470-1483-1483 (13)

Edward V

"The Prince in the Tower" - Stained Glass Portrait in Little Malvern Priory East Window.

 

 

1452-1483-1485 (32)

Richard III

Brother of Edward IV and the last Plantagenet (and Yorkist) King.

Killed at the battle of Bosworth by the forces of Henry VII to be.

Said to have been buried in the Franciscan priory in Leicester - where (September 2012) a car park is being excavated in search of his remains.

LINK TO HOUSE OF TUDOR FAMILY TREE

House of Tudor

1457-1485-1509 (52)

Henry VII

Inventor of the Tudors

Westminster Abbey (Lady Chapel) and lifelike effigies in the museum & the V&A

 

1491-1509-1547 (56)

Henry VIII

Insight Page - Monarchs of Early Modern Europe Portrait

 

St George's Windsor

 

1537-1547-1553 (16)

Edward VI

Westminster Abbey

 

1516-1553-1558 (42)

Mary I

Married widower King Philip II of Spain, son of Emperor Charles V, in 1554, but died childless.  Philip went on to marry again and to launch the "Invincible Spanish Armada" against the England of Mary's sister Elizabeth in 1588.  Luckily for England an El Nino event got in the way.

 

Westminster Abbey

 

1533-1558-1603 (70)

Elizabeth I

Portrait in Westminster School

 

Westminster Abbey

(tomb shared with sister Mary I)

LINK TO HOUSE OF STUART FAMILY TREE

 

 

1603

 

Union of the Crowns of England and Scotland (legislative togetherness was achieved an hundred years' later by the 1707 Acts of Union)

 

 

House of Stuart

1566-1603-1625 (59)

James I

Westminster Abbey

1600-1625-1649 (49)

Charles I

St George's Windsor

 

Protectorate

 

1599-1649-1658 (59)

Oliver Cromwell

Tyburn (body) but his head passed through many hands and exhibitions before being buried in Sydney Sussex College, Cambridge, in 1960.

1626-1658-1659-1712 (86)

Richard Cromwell

Hursley, Hampshire

Stuart Restoration

1630-1660-1685 (55)

Charles II

Westminster Abbey

 

1633-1685-1688-1701 (68)

James II

The Battle of Sedgemoor in 1685 was the last pitched battle on English soil.

 

St-Germain-en-Leye

 

1650-1689-1702 (52)

William III and Mary II (1662-1694)

Westminster Abbey

 

1665-1702-1714 (49)

Anne

Westminster Abbey

 

House of Hanover

1660-1714-1727 (67)

George I

Hanover

1683-1727-1760 (77)

George II

Westminster Abbey

1738-1760-1820 (82)

George III

St George's Windsor

1762-1820-1830 (68)

George IV

St George's Windsor

1765-1830-1837 (72)

William IV

St George's Windsor

1819-1837-1901 (82)

Victoria

Frogmore Mausoleum, Windsor

House of Saxe-Coburg

1841-1901-1910 (69)

Edward VII

St George's Windsor

 

House of Windsor

1865-1910-1936 (71)

George V

St George's Windsor

1894-1936-1936-1972 (78)

Edward VIII

Frogmore, Windsor

1895-1936-1952 (57)

George VI

St George's Windsor

1926-1952-

Elizabeth II

 

 

Part of the information on this and some supporting pages is taken from an excellent web site by Ed Stephan, which also includes genealogies of the French, Spanish and German monarchies.

 

Wikipedia has a good illustrated layout for its List of English Monarchs and Monarchs in the British Isles

 

 

For other Paradoxplace links visit the home page

 

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All original material on this site Adrian Fletcher 2000-2015.  The contents may not be hotlinked, or reproduced without permission.