Some Memorable Tombs in Portugal and Spain

 

 

Inès de Castro (d1355) and King Pedro I of Portugal (c1329 - 1357 - 1367 (38))

 

 

Cistercian Moisteiro de Santa Maria de Alcobaça, Central Portugal

 

 

Queen Leonora (Eleanor Plantagenet Jr) (1160 - 1214 (54)) and others

 

 

Cistercian Royal Abbey & Nunnery of Santa Maria la Real de Las Huelgas, Burgos

 

 

el Cid - Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar (c. 1040 – 1099 (59))

 

 

Abbey of San Pedro de Gardina, Burgos

 

 

Prince Felipe 1229 - 1274 (45), younger brother of Alfonso X ("the Wise") and Knight Templar, and his second wife Doña Leonor Ruiz de Castro y Pimental.

 

 

Templar church of Santa Maria la Blanca, Villalcazar de Sirga (Palencia)

 

Abbess la Beata Urraca Lopez de Haro 1170 – 1262 (92)

 

 

Cistercian Abbey (for nuns) of Santa Maria del Salvador ("El Monasterio de la Luz"), Cañas (la Rioja)

 

 

The "Catholic Monarchs" Isabella I of Castile (1451 - 1474 - 1504 (53)) and Ferdinand II of Aragon (1452 - 1479 - 1516 (64))

 

Queen Joan (1479 - 1555 (76)) and her King Consort Philip I (1478 - 1506 (28))

 

 

Capilla Real, Granada

 

 

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Spanish and Portuguese Cistercian Monasteries / Nunneries / Abbeys are marked with an *

 

Portugal

 

 

Alcobaça Abbey *

Batalha Monastery

 

 

 

Spain

 

Salamanca

las Duenas Convent

San Esterban Monastery

2 Cathedrals

 

Toledo

Toledo Cathedral

San Roman

(Mudéjar)

San Juan de los Reyes Monastery

 

Santa Maria la Blanca

(ex-synagogue)

Sinagoga del Tránsito

 

 

Granada

Cathedral

Capilla Real

San Jeronimo Monastery

 

Cordoba

Great Mosque

 

 

 

Seville

Cathedral

     

Huelva

Rábida Convent

(& Christopher Colombus)

     

Santiago de Compostela

Cathedral

 Monastery of St Martin Pinario

 

 

Leon

Cathedral

San Isidoro Basilica

   

Rio Esla

Gradefes Nunnery *

San Miguel de Escalada

 

 

E of Leon

Templar Church of Villalcázar de Sirga

     

Burgos

Cathedral

Santa Maria la real de Las Huelgas Nunnery & Royal Pantheon *   (4 pages of photos)

San Pedro de Gardina Monastery * (with the tomb of El Cid)

 

S of Burgos

Santo Domingo de Silos Monastery

     

San Millán de la Cogolla

Yuso & Suso Monasteries

Canas Nunnery * (with the famous tomb of Abbess La Beata Urraca Lopez de Haro)

 

 

Navarre

Leyre Abbey *

Santa Maria la Real, Sanguesa

La Oliva Abbey *

 

Aragon

Rueda Abbey  *

 

 

 

Catalonia

Poblet Abbey *

Santes Creus Abbey *

 

 

 

 

 

The influence of Islamic Styles (such as Arabic script on buildings), Materials (such as coloured tiles) and Architecture is evident all over Spain and Portugal (as it is to a lesser extent in Puglia and Sicily). 

 

Mozarabs were Christians in Islamic Spain who lived as Christians - which they were permitted to do under Islamic Law provided they paid the appropriate (heavy) taxes.  Over time many fled north into the Christian held areas, and brought with them a distinctive church architecture now called Mozarabic.  With the beautiful exceptions of San Miguel de Escalada and Suso Monastery, little of this survives.

 

Mudéjar was the name given later on by Castilians to the surrendered Moor and Saracen communities who had been overrun as the Reconquista advanced southwards.  Although Spain had been effectively rechristianized (with the exception of Granada) by 1232, a few of these communities survived as functioning Islamic groups right down to the forced conversion of everything Spanish to Christianity in 1522.  Mudéjar architecture, which was a brickwork (and tiles) based Islamo-Christian hybrid, flourished in the 1300s and 1400s.  Examples of the style include the church of San Roman, Toledo, the cloister of Rábida Convent, the church of San Tirso in Sahagún, and the campanile of the Cistercian Abbey of Rueda.  Zaragoza and Teruel are said to have some of the finest  Mudéjar buildings (no pics yet - we didn't make it this time round!)

 

 

 

Great Mosque of Cordoba, Cordoba, Andalucia

Great Mosque of Cordoda

 

 

Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela

 

 

Leon Cathedral, Leon (Castile-Leon)

Leon Cathedral

 

 

Santes Creus Monastery (Cistercian), Catalonia

Reial Monastir de Santes Creus, Catalonia

 

 

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